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What interim aid meant yesterday and what it can mean today

Yesterday, on a sunny day in Cincinnati, a barge moved along the Ohio River transporting coal. If you had a time machine, you might have seen the same occurrence happen on a winter or spring day in 1947 or early 1948.


For back then, the Ohio River was one of the transport routes for coal that was ultimately shipped to Europe. This was part of the 1947-48 interim aid program where the U.S. sent food, medicine and coal to help war-devastated Austria, Italy and France. These supplies were desperately needed by the three countries so they could survive the winter before the Marshall Plan recovery program kicked in.

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